Jerry Leventer

Pushing the Boundaries of Space Travel in the 21st Century

March 5th, 2011 · No Comments · Interesting Links

I wanted to share this interesting article about the future of space travel. (The fact that it is so well written surprises me since it comes from an article directory.)

When man set foot on the Moon during the Apollo programme in 1969, this was considered the first step in the exploration of our solar system, allowing mankind to go beyond our home planet and find answers to questions that have occupied the minds of scientists, philosophers and visionaries for many centuries.

What was once science fiction is becoming reality. Many around the globe expected the 21st century to be one of space travel and planetary exploitation. However, the political and economical drivers needed to nurture and drive such advancements have been lacking since the end of the Apollo programme, shifting the focus of space endeavours from interplanetary to Earth bound and allowing for developments in Earth observation, telecommunication and navigation.

In the past decade, several national and international space programmes have been showing increased interest in space exploration. The United States, Europe, Japan, China, Russia and India have been planning and/or executing a number of robotic planetary missions. In addition, the United States has announced its plans to return to the Moon, and Europe has endorsed the Aurora programme with the ultimate goal of a manned mission to Mars by 2033.

Despite this renewed drive behind space exploration, the contrast with respect to the Apollo era is that the space organisations and nations involved are aiming to achieve their goals within limited financial budgets and at carefully calculated risks. This results in a ‘step by step’ approach allowing for the required technologies to be tested and demonstrated during programmes that include several technology demonstrating missions. The European Aurora programme is a good example of this approach, where each of its missions builds on proven technologies and aims to demonstrate new ones. Its first mission, ExoMars, builds on ESA’s experience gained on Mars Express, and focuses on demonstrating advanced rover technology, aided by the experience gained by NASA during the Mars Exploration Rover (MER) missions.

The above example also demonstrates another feature of today’s exploration programmes: International Cooperation. Driven by the need for cost effectiveness and risk reduction, national and international space agencies are seeking cooperation and enabling the exchange of knowledge, expertise and resources. NASA’s Mars lander mission, Phoenix, will be assisted during its descent and entry by ESA’s Mars Express orbiter for data relay, while ESA’s ExoMars mission baseline relies on NASA’s MRO for data relay. Such cooperation also extends to the scientific output of the various missions.

One aerospace consultancy, VEGA, believes that ensuring cost effectiveness, risk reduction and seeking international cooperation, are the key factors in maintaining the momentum of the space exploration programmes and their success. This requires advanced technologies to be implemented, not only on the space segments, but also on the ground segments, allowing for reduction of costs during the design, test and validation, and operational phases of the missions. Risk reduction and cooperation are assisted by standardisation, efficient interfaces and knowledge management, and effective training.

Recently, training solutions have been instrumental for some of ESA’s most challenging missions; with the implementation of a programme of sustained development to ensure they continue to meet the requirements for all forthcoming challenging exploration missions.

In addition to NASA’s vision to return to the moon, ESA’s Aurora programme, the European national lunar mission studies (Germany, UK, Italy, France), and the exploration activities of Japan, China, Russia and India, there are several entrepreneurial activities developing technologies to enable access to space for mankind. Almost four decades since the first landing on the moon, today we seem to be reminded of Tsiolkovsky’s words again: “The Earth is the cradle of humanity, but mankind cannot stay in the cradle forever.“

Source: Article Base

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Meta Tags For Google Keyword Ranking – by Jerry West

October 18th, 2009 · 14 Comments · Wordpress Issues: Installation, Upgrade, Themes, Widgets, & Plugins

Here’s an article from SEO Expert, Jerry West, that I wanted to share with you and my readers.

Have you read in an article, a forum, or been told from an “SEO Expert” that they know of a “secret” Google Meta Tag that will increase your rankings in Google its plain and simple… either they are ignorant, or they are lying to you.

Google doesn’t have Meta tags; there are no “secrets” they are just attempting to “con” you into believing them. Beware. The only “Meta tags” that Google follows are the ones I’ve listed below and I have covered the options of how they should be used.

Googlebot: noarchive
This tag will not allow Google to display any cached content. To place the googlebot: noarchive into your web page use the following:

<meta name=”googlebot” content=”noarchive”>

Googlebot: nosnippet
This tag will not allow Google to display excerpt text in the SERPs or cached content. To place the googlebot: nosnippet into your web page use the following:

<meta name=”googlebot” content=”nosnippet”>

Googlebot: noindex
This tag is similar to the robots Meta element that denies indexing of your web page. To use the googlebot: noindex on your web page use the following:

<meta name=”googlebot” content=”noindex”>

Googlebot: nofollow
With the use of this tag it will instruct Google not to pass any PageRank or link popularity to the link served, however, Googlebot may follow the web page link and index the page referenced. To use the googlebot: nofollow tag on your web page use the following:

<meta name=”googlebot” content=”nofollow”>

Do you see any tag that will increase your search engine rankings? Neither do I. What these so called “experts” may be referring to is a Meta tag that will validate the XML sitemap feature with Google Webmaster Central, but that has nothing to do with your ranking in Google either.

Be careful out there, it seems there is always someone out there waiting to steal your money and time.


You will not need to use any of these tags unless you want Google to do something specific with your website. The Google Meta tags that are listed above are some of the very few Meta tags that Google will even read, index, and obey.

Good Tip:

If you want Google to use the description that you’ve wrote in your Meta description tag, just simply place your targeted keyword phrase in your Meta description tag and Google will use your Meta description. If you choose not too then Google will take a snippet of content from your web page that has that keyword phrase in it. Most of the time, it doesn’t read very smoothly.

For more information about How To Remove Your Page From Google’s Search Index, see Google’s Remove Page .

Meta Tags Google Advice, Meta Tags Google Search – Information for webmasters & search engine optimizers.


Jerry West is the Director of Internet Marketing for Web Marketing Now. He has been consulting on the web since 1996 and has assisted hundreds of companies gain an upper-hand over their competition. Visit Web Marketing Now for the latest in marketing tips that are tested and proven.
(c) 2003-2009,

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How To Disable NoFollow (and use DoFollow) for Comments on Your WordPress Site

October 17th, 2009 · 6 Comments · Wordpress Issues: Installation, Upgrade, Themes, Widgets, & Plugins

To disable nofollow in your WordPress comments, use one of the following plugins:

Nofollow Case by Case – Allows you to turn ON the nofollow attribute for SELECTED pingbacks, trackbacks, and comment links. This works well if you moderate the comments on your site.

DeLink Comment Author – by Alex King. This plugin gives you the ability to remove the link a commenter left as their URL without removing the entire comment. A link to do this is added to your new comment e-mail notifications and to the comments list in your admin area.  Alex has a nice list of plugins that he’s developed.

Ultimate List of Dofollow & Nofollow Plugins – This is a well-maintained list of plugins to add nofollow and remove nofollow from various elements of WordPress. The list also covers other blogging platforms such as Blogger, Moveable Type, Typepad and Drupal.

Comprehensive Reference for WordPress NoNofollow/Dofollow Plugins – A concise, current, and comprehensive reference for WordPress no-nofollow and dofollow plugins. Currently featuring 12 dofollow/no-nofollow plugins, this ultimate guide will help you choose the best plugin for your blog.

NoFollow Free – Includes the option to use dofollow only when the author has posted a certain number of comments, and to put back the nofollow when some blacklisted words are matched.

Also, be sure to check out CommentLuv – This plugin will visit the site of the comment author, while they type their comment, and retrieve a selection of their last blog posts, tweets or digg submissions which they can choose from to include at the bottom of their comment when they click submit.

The WordPres Codex – has also provided some resources to help you find do-follow plugins.

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Where Are Options and Preferences Settings for MindJet MindManager 7?

September 15th, 2009 · 3 Comments · Time Management, Project Tools & Productivity

MindJet MindManager is one of my favorite mindmapping software applications. If you are looking all over for the Options or Preference settings in version 7, then you are not the only one.

It’s quite simple, really, but somewhat hidden in their non-standard user interface.

Click the circle logo in the top left of the application window. This is referred to as the “MindManager Menu.” Then at the very bottom you will see two buttons, “Exit” and “Options”. There it is!

If you want to provide yourself a shortcut, then Right-Click in the Toolbar area next to Tools. Select “Customize Quick Access Toolbar…” Choose commands from “MindManager Menu” and select, “MindManager Options.”

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My Talking Communities Tech Support Story

August 29th, 2009 · 3 Comments · Audio & Video, Computer Technology & Technical Support, Social & Business Networking

Talking Communities is a web-based conference room. Lynn Terry uses it for her Tuesday and Thursday SSWT Webinars. Darryl Graham is also using it in his 12 Minute Commute project.

I was having difficulty getting the software to work properly on my machine, and I was unable to login or even get the login screen to appear.

I wrote to tech support on Monday and received an answer from Clyde on Tuesday, but that did not resolve the issue.

They provide a phone number on their site, so I gave tech support a call. That was on Wednesday. I was told to leave a message and I did so. I mentioned that I had a conference to be on the next day. I called again and left another message on the “Sales” line.

I received three calls that same day. One from the original tech support agent (Clyde), one from the software manager (Steve), and one from the owner (George).

George and Steve stayed on the phone with me for two hours while we went through every possible scenario as to why this was giving me trouble. They were concerned that others might be having the same problem.

It was not until a few days later that we finally discovered it was my Eset NOD32 anti-virus program causing the problem. I believe Eset provides excellent protection, but I’ve decided to use Webroot in its place for now.

The support I received from the Talking Communities team tells me they care about providing a quality product to their customers and will do what they can to work out problems and make improvements.

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Google’s SEO Advice For Website Design: On-Page Content For Search Engine Optimization

July 12th, 2009 · 8 Comments · Business Networking

Here are some handy tips from Google to consider for your on-page Search Engine Optimization (SEO).

Design and Content Guidelines

  • Make a site with a clear hierarchy and text links. Every page should be reachable from at least one static text link.
  • Offer a site map to your users with links that point to the important parts of your site. If the site map is larger than 100 or so links, you may want to break the site map into separate pages.
  • Create a useful, information-rich site, and write pages that clearly and accurately describe your content.
  • Think about the words users would type to find your pages, and make sure that your site actually includes those words within it.
  • Try to use text instead of images to display important names, content, or links. The Google crawler doesn’t recognize text contained in images. If you must use images for textual content, consider using the “ALT” attribute to include a few words of descriptive text.
  • Make sure that your <title> elements and ALT attributes are descriptive and accurate.
  • Check for broken links and correct HTML.
  • If you decide to use dynamic pages (i.e., the URL contains a “?” character), be aware that not every search engine spider crawls dynamic pages as well as static pages. It helps to keep the parameters short and the number of them few.
  • Keep the links on a given page to a reasonable number (fewer than 100).
  • Review our image guidelines for best practices on publishing images.


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Article Writing: Are You Stuck, Can’t Think Of What To Write About?

April 1st, 2009 · 1 Comment · Internet Marketing

I just received this email from in which the author talks about how to get unstuck when brainstorming ideas for one’s next article or series of articles.

“The content of today’s newsletter comes courtesy of social media expert Chris Brogan. These idea-generators were originally written with bloggers in mind, but they work equally well for article authors like yourself.”

Looking for some fresh ideas for your next article? Read on and learn from a blog expert!

Topics to Get You Unstuck:

  1. What challenges are my potential customers facing. Do I have any advice for them?
  2. What have I read lately? What points were interesting? Can I add more to it?
  3. What bugs me? Can I write about another way to approach it?
  4. Who do I admire? Can I write something about them that explains how to emulate those traits?
  5. What has the potential of helping (hurting) me or my community in the coming months? Are there possible ways out of it?
  6. What kinds of tools are missing from my environment that would help things along?
  7. Which companies or parts of an industry might benefit from my ideas?
  8. How do other industries compare to what my community is thinking about?
  9. What kinds of thoughts will inspire my audience to contact me (or support a cause, or buy my product, or support my interests)?
  10. What do I want to know that I can ask my community?
  11. How ___ is like _____.
  12. __ Ways to Convince the Boss to Try ____.
  13. How do I _______?
  14. Here are some new ways to ________.
  15. My personal recipe for ______.
  16. If I ran the _____.
  17. Three improvements to my company’s _______.
  18. My first steps into ______.
  19. If I find yourself stuck, try _____.
  20. Restarting now would _____.

Bonus Tip: Pictures help stimulate the writing process.

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Spirograph Geometric Graphic Design Demo – Try It Here!

February 16th, 2009 · 5 Comments · Fun & Recreation

What is a Spirograph?
by Anu Garg

A Spirograph is a curve formed by rolling a circle inside or outside of another circle. The pen is placed at any point on the rolling circle. If the radius of fixed circle is R, the radius of moving circle is r, and the offset of the pen point in the moving circle is O, then the equations of the resulting curve is defined by:

x = (R+r)*cos(t) – O*cos(((R+r)/r)*t)
y = (R+r)*sin(t) – O*sin(((R+r)/r)*t)
(moving circle outside the fixed circle)

x = (R-r)*cos(t) + O*cos(((R-r)/r)*t)
y = (R-r)*sin(t) – O*sin(((R-r)/r)*t)
(moving circle inside the fixed circle)

How to use it?

Here is how you can use the controls in this Spirograph applet:

  • The first three scroll bars in the control panel let you change R, r and O respectively.
  • You can use the next three scroll bars to change the color of the drawing. These scroll bars change the red, green and blue values of the color (in the range 0-255) respectively.
  • The last scroll bar lets you choose the number of iterations for the Spirograph. Move it to beginning and then slowly increase it to see how many iterations it takes to complete the spirograph.
  • You can use the Random button to select random values for the radii and color.

Created by Anu Garg.

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